+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. The engine
+ 4. Systems of cooling, heating and ventilation
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Ignition system
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Power shafts
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A suspension bracket and a steering
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
- 14. The basic malfunctions
14.1. The engine
14.2. Cooling system
14.3. Fuel system and system of release of the fulfilled gases
14.5. A mechanical transmission
14.6. An automatic transmission
14.7. Power shafts
14.8. Brake system
14.9. A suspension bracket and a steering
Before suspension bracket and steering check check up that pressure in tyres corresponds demanded, corners of installation of forward wheels are correctly adjusted also the car is loaded in regular intervals.
The car conducts aside:
– The tyre is faulty;
– Excessive deterioration in details of a suspension bracket or steering elements;
– Wrong adjustment of corners of installation of wheels;
– Damage of elements of a suspension bracket or a steering.
Palpation of a wheel and vibration:
– Not отбалансированы forward wheels (vibration is felt on a steering wheel);
– Not отбалансированы back wheels (vibration is felt on all car);
– Damage or distortion of the form of a wheel;
– Damage or distortion of the form of the tyre;
– Spherical hinges or suspension bracket plugs are worn out;
– Bolts of fastening of a wheel are unreliably tightened.
Excessive rocking of the car:
– Shock-absorbers are faulty;
– Insufficient elasticity of a spring of a suspension bracket;
– Deterioration or breakage of draught of the stabilizer.
Instability of the car at movement:
– Wrong adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels;
– Deterioration of spherical hinges and plugs of a forward suspension bracket;
– неотбалансированы wheels;
– The tyre is deformed or damaged;
– Bolts of fastening of a wheel are unreliably tightened;
– Shock-absorbers are faulty.
– Jamming spherical шарнирных connections of a steering drive or a suspension bracket;
– The tension of a belt of the amplifier of a steering is torn or incorrectly adjusted;
– Corners of installation of forward wheels are incorrectly adjusted;
– Damage of steering transfer.
Increased люфт a steering:
– The shaft of a steering column is worn out;
– Spherical hinges of steering draughts are worn out;
– Steering transfer is worn out;
– Spherical hinges and suspension bracket plugs are worn out.